Being on the labor market is one of the most important channels of social inclusion for individuals and groups and is a precondition for achieving a satisfactory standard of living. For children and youth, developing their potentials is closely related to the likelihood of their entering the labor market later; for the working age population this an economic and social inclusion issue, allowing them to earn an income which can provide a good quality of life; for the older generation, this enables them to accumulate experience to warrant a an adequate old age pension. For the state and the society, this means making proper use of human resources and creative contribution from its population to generate economic and social growth.Reviewing employment from the broader perspective of social inclusion and inclusive and sustainable development, SeConS conducted various studies in this area: survey of employment characteristics and position of various groups, entrepreneurs and entrepreneurship potential, possibilities of employment and characteristics of vulnerable groups in the labor market, such as displaced persons, refugees, the Roma population, women, youth, the rural population and persons with disabilities. SeConS also carried out surveys on coordination between the education system and the labor market. Through its research, SeConS also contributed to practical projects of estimating financial potential when awarding funds to support entrepreneurship and employment of Roma men and women in cooperation with OSCE. Measures for promoting women entrepreneurship were reviewed and improved on the basis of the Baseline Study on the Entrepreneurship of Women in Serbia.