An inclusive society is a society that over-rides differences of race, gender, class, generation, and geography, and ensures inclusion, equality of opportunity as well as capability of all members of the society to determine an agreed set of social institutions that govern social interaction. (UNDESA, 2008). That is why eradication of social exclusion and improvement of social inclusion has high priority in United Nations policy. Social exclusion describes a state in which individuals are unable to participate fully in economic, social, political and cultural life, as well as the process leading to and sustaining such a state. Social exclusion is a multidimensional phenomenon not limited to material deprivation; poverty is an important dimension of exclusion, albeit only one dimension. Accordingly, social inclusion processes involve more than improving access to economic resources.

Social inclusion is defined as the process of improving the terms of participation in society, particularly for people who are disadvantaged, through enhancing opportunities, access to resources, voice and respect for rights. Improvement of social inclusion stands at the core of social policy of European Union, too. “Social inclusion is a process which ensures that those at risk of poverty and social exclusion gain the opportunities and resources necessary to participate fully in economic, social, political and cultural life and to enjoy a standard of living that is considered normal in the society in which they live. It ensures that they have greater participation in decision making which affects their lives and access to their fundamental rights”(Commission of the European Communities, 2003, p. 9)

Commission of the European Communities, 2003, Joint Report on Social Inclusion.

UNDESA, Expert Group Meeting on Promoting Social Integration, Helsinki, July 2008

Indicators

Indicator definition

At risk of poverty or social exclusion, abbreviated as AROPE, refers to the situation of people either at risk of poverty, or severely materially deprived or living in a household with a very low work intensity...

The AROPE rate, the share of the total population which is at risk of poverty or social exclusion, is the headline indicator to monitor the EU 2020 Strategy poverty target. Data about poverty and social exclusion are being collected through EU SILC (Survey on Income and Living Conditions). EU SILC has been regularly implemented in Serbia by Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia since 2013.


Year :


Source

Eurostat, EU SILC
Data explanation

In 2016 Serbia, as the most of the countries of EU faced the decrease in AROPE rate. However, Serbia still has one of the highest AROPE rates among the countries implementing EU SILC, just a bit lower than Bulgaria and same as Romania. This means that social and economic policies in Serbia are still living many people behind the prevailing standard in the country, primarily due to low income and high unemployment.

Indicator definition

At risk of poverty or social exclusion, abbreviated as AROPE, refers to the situation of people either at risk of poverty, or severely materially deprived or living in a household with a very low work intensity...

The AROPE rate, the share of the total population which is at risk of poverty or social exclusion, is the headline indicator to monitor the EU 2020 Strategy poverty target. Data about poverty and social exclusion are being collected through EU SILC (Survey on Income and Living Conditions). EU SILC has been regularly implemented in Serbia by Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia since 2013.


Year :


Source

Eurostat, EU SILC
Data explanation

In 2016 Gini coefficient in Serbia slightly increased in comparison to 2015. Together with Bulgaria, Serbia has the highest value of Gini coefficient among the countries implementing EU SILC. This means that economic inequality in Serbia is high, especially when compared to EU social standards. It also warns that development policies in Serbia are not inclusive enough.